Create self contained python executables
Every one knows the special file
__init__.py. There is another
__main__.py. If this file exists in a directory, the
python interpreter will try to execute it.
Here is an example of a structure directory with a
#fred$ find . ./hello ./hello/__main__.py
In our example the content of the file is a simple loop that prints hello world.
#fred$ cat ./hello/__main__.py for count in range(3): print 'hello (cruel) world'
Just call python with the directory name and the python interpreter
will execute the file
#fred$ python hello hello (cruel) world hello (cruel) world hello (cruel) world
So far nothing speical, but now comes the interesting part...
Python is capable of importing and executing whatever python code is in a zip file. Therefore we can do the following:
#fred$ (cd hello; zip -r ../hello.zip .) adding: __main__.py (stored 0%) #fred:$ python hello.zip hello (cruel) world hello (cruel) world hello (cruel) world
On any Unix like system we can use a shebang (#!) line at the beginning of a file to pass the content of that file to the interpreter specified after the shebang.
#fred$ echo '#!/usr/bin/env python' > greetings #fred$ cat hello.zip >> greetings #fred$ chmod a+x greetings
This zipped file can now be executed.
#fred$ ./greetings hello (cruel) world hello (cruel) world hello (cruel) world
Mix that with virtualenv and you will have a powerful way to simply distribute and execute your code.